Recent Peer-Reviewed Publications

A Guide to Understanding Human Factors and Behaviour
A Guide to Understanding Human Factors and Behaviour
  • Wattie S., Bridger, R.S. 2019. Work-related stress indicator surveys in Defence. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 65:128–132,
  • Bridger, RS, Ashford A, Wattie S, Fisher I, Dobson, K., Pisula P. 2018. Sustained attention while squatting with and without an exoskeleton for the lower limbs. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics,
  • Gulcan Garip , Kate Morton, Robert Bridger, Paul Little, & Lucy Yardley. 2017. Evaluating the Feasibility of a Web-based Weight Loss Programme for Naval Service personnel with excess body mass.  Pilot and Feasibility Studies, DOI 10.1186/s40814-017-0122-2
  • Bridger, RS, Dobson, K, Fisher, I, Wattie, S. 2016 Does response propensity bias stress audits? Occupational Medicine doi:10.1093/occmed/kqw056
  • Bridger, RS, Dobson, K, Davision, H. 2015. Using the HSE Stress Indicator tool in a Military Context Ergonomics. DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1057544
  • Roberts, Dew A., Bridger RS, Kilminster, S., Etherington J. 2015. Predicting low back pain outcome following rehabilitation for low back pain. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 28:119-128.
  • Garip G, Brasher K, Bridger RS, Yardley L. 2014. Weight management experiences of overweight and obese Royal Navy personnel. Military Behavioural Health, 2:105-109.
  • Bridger, RS Day, AJ Morton, K. 2013. Occupational stress and employee turnover. Ergonomics, 56:1629-1639.
  • Bridger, R.S., Johnsen, S., Brasher, K. 2013 Psychometric properties of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire. Ergonomics, 56:1515-1524.
  • Bridger RS, Brasher K, Bennett. 2013. Sustaining person-environment fit with a changing workforce. Ergonomics, special issue on Ergonomics and Sustainability. 55:565-577
  • Bridger RS. 2012. An international perspective on ergonomics education. Ergonomics in Design, October:12-17.
  • Brasher KS, Sparshott KF, Weir ABC, Day AJ, Bridger RS. 2012. Two year follow-up study of stressors in submariners. Occupational Medicine, 62:563-565.
  • Day AJ, Bridger RS. 2012. Predicting and Reducing Voluntary Outflow in the Royal Navy. Journal of the Royal Navy Medical Service, 98:45-48.
  • Day AJ, Brasher. K. Bridger RS. 2012. Accident proneness re-visited: the role of job strain. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 12:532-535.
  • P.J. Pisula, C.H. Lewis & R.S. Bridger. 2012. Vessel motion thresholds for maintaining physical and cognitive performance: a study of naval personnel at sea, Ergonomics, 55: 636-649.
  • Jackson S., Richards, P., Bridger, RS, Agius, R.2011 Occupational stress and the outcome of basic military training. Occupational Medicine, 61:253-258.
  • Bennett AI, Hanley J, Buckle, P and Bridger RS. 2011. Work demands during fire fighting training: does age matter? Ergonomics, 6:555-564.
  • Bridger RS, Brasher K. 2011. Cognitive task demands, self control demands and the mental well-being of office workers. Ergonomics, 54:830-839.
  • Bridger RS, Brasher, K, Dew, A., Sparshott, K. 2011. Predicting cumulative and future strain in Naval Personnel : Is executive function the elephant in the room? Ergonomics, 54:597-608.
  • Bridger RS Bennett AI. 2011. Body mass index interacts with age to determine work ability in seafarers. Occupational Medicine, 61(3): 157-162
  • Bridger RS Brasher K, Dew Kilminster S. 2011. Job Stressors in Naval Personnel Serving on Ships and in Personnel Serving Ashore over a Twelve Month Period. Applied Ergonomics, 42:710-718.
  • Bridger RS  Brasher K Dew S. 2010. Work Demands and Need for Recovery From Work in Ageing Seafarers. Ergonomics, 53:1006-1015.
  • Bridger RS Brasher K Dew A Sparshott K Kilminster S. 2010. Job strain related to cognitive failure in naval personnel. Ergonomics, 53:739-747.
  • Brasher K Dew A Kilminster S Bridger RS. 2010. Occupational stress in submariners: the impact of isolated and confined work on psychological well-being. Ergonomics, 53:305-313.
  • Gould KS Hirvonen K Koefoed VF Roed RK Salinen M Holm A  Bridger RS Moen BE. 2009. Effects of 60-hours of total sleep deprivation on two methods of high speed ship navigation. Ergonomics, 52:1469-1486.
  • Gould KS Røed BK Saus ER Johnsen  BR Koefoed VF Bridger RS Moen BE. 2009. Effects of navigation method on workload and performance in simulated high speed ship navigation. Applied Ergonomics, 40:103-114.
  • Bridger RS Brasher K, Dew A Munnoch K, Kilminster S. 2009. Chronic and acute psychological strain in naval personnel. Occupational Medicine, 59:454-458.
  • Bridger RS, Brasher K, Dew A, Kilminster S. 2009.Smoking, Obesity and Psychological Strain Related to Medical Fitness in the Naval Service. Occupational Medicine, 59:195-196.
  • Bridger RS. 2009. Human sytem dis-integration: management of stress, strain and fatigue in the workplace. Ergonomics SA, 21(2):2-29.
  • Bridger RS Brasher K Dew A Kilminster S. 2008. Occupational stress and strain in the Naval Service 2007. Occupational Medicine, 58:534-539.
  • Bridger RS. 2008. Naval Service Cohort Study of Occupational Stress: Background to the research and a review of the latest findings. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service, 94:22-30.
  • Munnoch K Bridger RS. 2008. An investigation into the relationship between recruit test RT4 scores and mechanical comprehension dependent tasks. Military Psychology, 20:95-101
  • Munnoch K, Bridger RS. 2008. Operational Performance of a Rehabilitation Company in Royal Marines Training.  Military Medicine, 173:129-133.
  • Crossland P, Evans M.J, Grist D, Lowten M, Jones H, Bridger R.S. 2007. Motion-Induced Interruptions Aboard Ship: Model Development and Application to Ship Design. Occupational Ergonomics, Vol. 7, No. 3: 183-199.
  • Munnoch K, Bridger RS. 2007. Smoking and Injury in Royal Marine Recruit Training. Occupational Medicine, 57:214-216.
  • Bridger RS S. Kilminster; G. Slaven. 2007. Occupational stress and strain in the naval service: 1999 and 2004. Occupational Medicine, 57:92-97.
  • Gould KS  Knappen Røed B, Koefoed VF Bridger RS PhD  Moen. 2006. Performance-shaping factors associated with navigation accidents in the Royal Norwegian Navy, Military Psychology (Suppl), S111-S129.

Past Peer-Reviewed Publications

Below –  a selection of papers I published in an earlier phase of my career. I’ve included them because, much to my surprise, they are still of interest to specialist researchers in areas such as office and furniture design and are regularly read on my page on ResearchGate.

Looking back with fondness on:

  • Bridger RS Sparto P Marras WS. 1998. Spade design, lumbar motions and risk of low-back injury. Occupational Ergonomics, 1(3):157-172.
  • Bridger RS Poluta M. Ergonomics: 1998. Introducing the human factor into the clinical setting. Clinical Engineering, May/June: 180-188, 1998.
  • Bridger RS. Abdominal belts for manual handling in industry: the evidence for and against. SA Journal of Physiotherapy, 54(2):12-15:1998.
  • Rabinowitz D Bridger RS Lambert M. 1998. Lifting technique and abdominal belt usage: a biomechanical, physiological and psychological investigation. Safety Science, 28:155-164, 1998
  • Botha W and Bridger RS. Anthropometric variability, equipment usability and musculoskeletal pain in a group of nurses in the Western Cape. Applied Ergonomics, 29:481-490, 1998.
  • Foster, RS, van Geems B, Adams LP and Bridger RS. Post­ural adaptations in standing computer work. Occupational Ergonomics, 1(2): 145-156, 1998.
  • Van Geems BA Whistance RS Adams LP Bridger RS. The use of stereophotogrammetry in the study of postural adaptations to VDT work. South African Journal of Geo-information, 17(4): 129-133, 1997
  • Busse M Bridger RS. Cost effectiveness of ergonomic intervention in a hospital: a preliminary study using Oxenburgh’s productivity model. Curationis, September, 54-58. 1997.
  • Macduff L, van Geems B and Bridger RS. Comparative evaluation of upper body postures during a mineral sorting task at two workstations: A preliminary study. Ergonomics SA, 9(1):27-38, 1997.
  • Bridger RS, Caborn N, Goedecke J, Rickard S, Schabort E, Westgarth-Taylor C and Lambert MI. Physiological and sub­jective measures of workload when shovelling with conven­tional and two-handled (“levered”) shovels. Ergonomics, 40:1212-1219, 1997.
  • Bridger RS. Macroeconomic and demographic factors influencing the global development of ergonomics. Some implications for Ergonomics in South Africa. Ergonomics SA, 8(1):17-28, 1996.
  • Whistance RS, van Geems B, Adams LP and Bridger RS. Postu­ral adaptations to workplace modifications in standing work. Ergonomics, 38(12):2485-2503, 1995.
  • Schierhout GS, Myers JE and Bridger RS. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic stresses in the South African workforce. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 46-50, 1995.
  • Goemans BC, Bunn AE and Bridger RS. Ergonomics and hearing tests for children. Ergonomics in Design, 20-25, January 1995.
  • Schierhout GH, Bridger RS and Myers JE. Development of observational methods for estimation of exposure to workplace postural stress. Occupational Medicine, 44:262-266, 1994.
  • Schierhout G, Myers JE and Bridger RS. Musculoskeletal pain and workplace ergonomic stresses in manufacturing industry in South Africa.  International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 12:3-11, 1993.
  • Bridger RS, Henneberg M and Orkin D. An inclinometric and electromyographic investigation of lumbo-pelvic posture and constraint Ergonomia, 16(1):7-21, 1993.
  • Bridger RS, Orkin D and Henneberg M. The effect of body position on lumbar, thoracic and pelvic angles and ranges of motion.  Ergonomics SA, 4(1):2-12, 1992.
  • Bridger RS, Orkin D and Henneberg M. A quantitative investigation of lumbar and pelvic postures in standing and sitting: interrelationships with body position and hip muscle length. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 9:235-244, 1992.
  • Bridger RS and Orkin D. Effect of a footrest on pelvic angle in stance. Ergonomics SA, 42-48, 1992.
  • Bridger RS. Some fundamental aspects of posture related to Ergonomics. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 8(1):3-15, 1991.
  • Bridger RS, Ossey S and Fourie G.  The effect of lumbar traction on stature, Spine, 15(6):522-525, 1990.
  • Bridger RS, von Eisenhart-Rothe CC and Henneberg M. The effects of seat slope and hip flexion on spinal angles in sitting, Human Factors, 31(6): 679-688, 1990.
  • Bridger RS, Wilkinson D and van Houweninge T. Hip Joint Mobility and Spinal Angles in Standing and in Different Sitting Postures. Human Factors, 31(2):229-241, 1989.
  • Bridger RS. Postural Adaptations to a Sloping Chair and Worksurface. Human Factors, 30(2):237- 247, 1988. (Abstract reprinted in Applied Ergonomics, 20(2):148, 1989).